In according to the Law of Mongolia on National Human Rights Commission of Mongolia, the Commission tables its annual report on situation of human rights and freedoms in Mongolia to the Parliament within the first quarter of every year.
The 18th Annual Report on Situation of Human Rights and Freedoms in Mongolia covered the following six topics: “Human rights education policy and its implementation in Mongolia”, “Sexual and reproductive health and rights of women with disabilities”, “Situation of sexual harassment in the workplace”, “Prevention of torture”, “Labour rights of Emergency management agency personnel”, “Status of implementation of the Law of Mongolia on Promotion of Gender Equality by relevant state authorities”. The annual report was tabled to the Parliament on 29 March 2019.
The Parliament discussed this 18th annual report during its plenary session on 17 May 2019 as it was decided by both the Parliamentary Sub-committee on Human Rights and the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Legal Affairs, which discussed the Commission’s report earlier this month respectively, to further discuss the report during the plenary session. It has been 14 years since the Parliament discussed the Commission’s annual report during its plenary session.
The National Human Rights Commission of Mongolia delivered 25 proposals to the Parliament for its consideration. For example, Chief Commissioner and Commissioners requested the Parliament to pay attention to two proposals pertaining to the torture issues. For example, Mongolia ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) in 2014. Under this Optional Protocol to the CAT, Mongolia shall establish a national preventive mechanism for the prevention of torture at the domestic level. In this regard, the Commission has requested the Parliament to address the issue of establishing a national preventive mechanism as quickly as possible. In addition, a number of Parliament members reiterated the need to revise the Law on National Human Rights Commission of Mongolia urgently. Currently the revised draft law on NHRCM is under consideration of the Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs.
As a result of the discussion of the 18th annual report, the Parliament has supported the following decisions:
- The Parliament shall openly discuss the National Human Rights Commission’s annual report during its plenary session every year;
- To include a discussion item on establishing the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Human Rights and Civil Education in the upcoming session of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on State Structure;
- For the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Legal Affairs to issue a resolution for the implementation of the recommendations and proposals reflected in the Commission’s 17th and 18th annual reports.
In addition, the Parliament gave an order to relevant authorities to prepare information related to the human rights issues for the public hearing on violence against children to be held on 29 May 2019.