The mining sector plays an important role in economy and social development in Mongolia. However, it also leaves its footprints on demography, culture, tend to increase burden on social infrastructure and services and negative impacts on livelihood, health and security of people surrounding the mining area. Thus, the National Human Rights Commission of Mongolia started to conduct a monitoring, assessing situation of and collecting cases of impacting sexual and reproductive health and rights of girls and women affected by the mining in 2020.
The Commission’s working group led by Commissioner N. Ganbayar worked in Bulgan, Orkhon and Darkhan-Uul provinces from 29 June to 4 July 2020 to assess the implementation of sexual and reproductive health and rights of girls and women working and living in mining affected areas.
The monitoring and assessment will be carried out in eight provinces with the funding support of UNFPA, and the findings of the assessment will be reflected in the Commission’s 20th annual report on human rights and freedoms in Mongolia to be submitted to the Parliament in 2021.
Asides the monitoring, the working group also conducted a human rights training for local law enforcement officers in the course of the field work.