The Law on the Legal Status of Human Rights Defenders was approved by the Parliament of Mongolia on 2nd of April 2021.
The term of “Human rights defenders” was defined and their legal status was consolidated for the first time by a separate law, which aims at ensuring security of human rights defenders and establishing a system for restoring violated rights.
The Law on the Legal Status of Human Rights Defenders will come into force on 1st of July 2021.
The NHRCM conducted a study on the challenges faced by human rights defenders in 2015, involving 3,662 civil society workers, activists, journalists, lawyers, judges, prosecutors and police officers.
Following challenges are most common amongst human rights defenders:
- assault or threat to life or body
- defamation and emotional distress
- online bullying/being attacked in cyberspace
- restricted access to information and refusal to provide information
- denial, neglect, or ignorance of activities
- bureaucracy, discrimination and unfair treatment by government agencies
- restrictions on the right to freedom of expression