The world is celebrating the 19th World Day Against the Death Penalty this year. The day was again marked by a wide-ranging discussion, drawing attention to the fact that women make up a significant proportion of those sentenced to death for serious transnational crimes, such as drug-related crimes. The 48th session of the UN Human Rights Council was held from September 13 to October 8 this year. Mongolia was one of eight countries that initiated and discussed the draft resolution on the death penalty. Since the death penalty is a serious violation of the right to life of the state, the United Nations adopted the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and State Rights on December 15, 1989, urged not to use it at all. Not only the United Nations but also the international community, including the European Union, are now imposing sanctions on the death penalty. It also provides for the abolition of the death penalty in the framework of the European Union’s GSP+ program to export goods to the European Union. The Second Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and State Rights of Mongolia was ratified in 2012, and on July 1, 2017, the new version of the Criminal Code came into force, abolishing the sentence. Mongolia co-organized an international conference on “Women, Heavy Punishment: The Death penalty in Drugs” (October 7, 2021), a side event of the 48th session of the Human Rights Council. J. Khunan, Acting Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission, represented Mongolia at the event and shared his experience of abolishing the death penalty in Mongolia. He stressed that the death penalty does not reduce the number of serious crimes, but that women, children, students, and young people are involved in these crimes due to lack of knowledge, information, innocence, and the perpetrators remain secret.
The National Human Rights Commission of Mongolia does not support any attempt to reinstate the death penalty and encourages the world to be united in support for the abolition of the death penalty and the guarantee of the right to life. The side event was attended by more than 140 international diplomats, human rights activists, legislators, law enforcement, and academics.