National Human Rights Commission of Mongolia submitted "12th report on human rights and freedoms in Mongolia” to Mr. Enkhbold Zandaahuu, Speaker of the State Great Khural on 5 April 2013.
This report is composed of 4 chapters, namely "Mining and human rights,” "The Rights of children,” "Situation of human rights of LGBT people in Mongolia,” and "Implementation of the recommendations given by the United Nations human rights mechanisms.”
Through its 12th report the Commission has delivered the following proposals and recommendations to the State Great Khural on urgent and emerging human rights issues:
On human rights affected by the impacts of mining industry:
1. To clearly define the rights to a remedy and the type of remedy in the event of loss of life, and where psychological and physical damage have occurred due to mining activities;
2. To strengthen mechanisms to hold license-holders accountable for failing to make technical and biological reclamation and violating the Law on Mining, to allow, integrate, and feedback about the appropriateness of the reclamation process and outcomes by local residents through a participatory process, and to allow independent monitoring by qualified members of the public and civil society organizations;
3. To improve licensing regulation by ensuring that infrastructure issues, including railway and roads, have been fully resolved to the satisfaction of local residents prior to the exploitation of large scale mineral resources such as coal and iron ore, in particular the sufficient load-bearing capacity of roads to allow mining trucks and all related transport without damage to the surrounding environment;
4. To ratify the 176th Convention on "Safety and Health in Mines” of the International Labour Organization on creating safe work places for workers in the mining sector, to run mechanism to prevent people working in mining industry from having accidents at work place and/or occupational diseases, and to exert public service to improve accessibility and quality of health service, to improve health education of people and to provide them with the required information
5. To ratify the Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (the Aarhus Convention) to ensure public access to information on the environment, public participation in decision-making and to remedy already violated rights and to create a domestic legal framework that allows meaningful and active participation of the Governors of the Province, the Soum (administrative unit of Province), the Citizen’s Representative Khural, and the public.
On the rights of children:
1. To accede to the Third Optional Protocol to the United Nations Convention on the rights of Children;
2. To make analysis in the national legislation guaranteeing the rights of children and improve relevant laws and regulations;
3. To establish schools of religious education that provides all the essential resources and conditions to give general education by regions at the national level;
4. To provide constructions, technical facilities, and other relevant equipments for the specialized schools of the children with disabilities in conformity with their specialties, to establish new school complexes consisting of general education school and vocational training centers with kindergarten and dormitory that fit children with disabilities at the national level, and to take effective and efficient measures in ensuring their demands of educational, social, hygienic, and safety requirements satisfied.
5. To install clear regulations in the relevant legislation in protecting the rights of child jockeys.
On LGBT issues:
1. To take certain effective measures to implement recommendations on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people’s rights given by the United Nations Human Rights Council, Committee against Torture, and Human Rights Committee to the Government of Mongolia;
2. To implement efficient policy of educational and promotional activities aimed at negative attitude and wrong stereotypes on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people.
On implementation of the recommendations by United Nations human rights mechanisms:
To annually consider the implementation of the recommendations given by the United Nations human rights mechanisms at the Government sessions.